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Les thèses, post-docs & HDR

Mardi 21 mars 2023

Prochain séminaire du GAINS

Prochain séminaire du GAINS

Le prochain séminaire du GAINS a lieu le 21 mars de 10h30 à 12h00 en salle de conférence de l'IRA.. 


Quentin GUIBERT (Université Paris Dauphine) présentera un papier intitulé Explicit Split Point Procedure in Model-Based Trees Allowing for a Quick Fitting of GLM Trees and GLM Forests.



Abstract : Classification and regression trees (CART) prove to be a true alternative to full parametric models such as linear models (LM) and generalized linear models (GLM). Although CART suffer from a biased variable selection issue, they are commonly applied to various topics and used for tree ensembles and random forests because of their simplicity and computation speed. Conditional inference trees and model-based trees algorithms for which variable selection is tackled via fluctuation tests are known to give more accurate and interpretable results than CART, but yield longer computation times. Using a closed-form maximum likelihood estimator for GLM, this paper proposes a split point procedure based on the explicit likelihood in order to save time when searching for the best split for a given splitting variable. A simulation study for non-Gaussian response is performed to assess the computational gain when building GLM trees. We also propose a benchmark on simulated and empirical datasets of GLM trees against CART, conditional inference trees and LM trees in order to identify situations where GLM trees are efficient. This approach is extended to multiway split trees and log-transformed distributions. Making GLM trees possible through a new split point procedure allows us to investigate the use of GLM in ensemble methods. We propose a numerical comparison of GLM forests against other random forest-type approaches. Our simulation analyses show cases where GLM forests are good challengers to random forests.

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